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Author - Abilmagzumova Anel


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Organisation: Pavlodar State University (PSU), Kazakhstan (Third year Bachelor of Psychology)


My work is based on a psychological analysis from the point of view of theories of leadership, and includes an analysis of the political style of Margaret Thatcher and Abraham Lincoln. These theories have been covered in the lectures on the psychology of leadership which took place in April 2013 in the PSU. Analysis in this paper is based on nine major theories, the key points of which are described below. The main context of the study was examining the movies "The Iron Lady" (2012) and "Lincoln" (2013). The main conclusion is the confirmation of the truth of those theories and the effectiveness of their practical application.

Key words: theory of leadership; political style; Lincoln; Margaret Thatcher; international co-operation.


First of all, it should be noted that the leader can be born, such as monarchs, or achieve leadership under the influence of their own motives, or become leaders by the influence of others and by circumstances.
All of these are ways to becoming special in many spheres. But in this paper, I want to elaborate on the second, i.e. formation of a leader within their own motives and actions,  since both Margaret Thatcher and Abraham Lincoln came to power because of that.

Key points of nine major theories

1) The theory of 'great man'
• Great leaders are born - not made
• They are designed to be leaders
• They become heroes and "deified."
• They often become lifetime legends.
• They are highly intelligent.
• They have huge achievements.
• They get great authority.

2) The theory of the ‘hero’
Here, leadership is seen in the specific context, which is based on the availability of necessary features needed at this time: motivation, self-confidence, charisma, creativity, flexibility. Such leaders can stay in power for a while and likewise could be heads for a long time.

3) The theory of contingency
• Leadership qualities will manifest themselves in a crisis situation.
• The followers give them power voluntarily (elect or nominate).
• leadership style can be active or passive, ie only for their ideals and rights or as a representative, but without a clear initiative.



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