Key Skills Framework
Enhancing employability within a lifelong learning paradigm
Aimhigher Peninsula Partnership (2004) Increasing Advanced Apprenticeship Progression onto Higher Education – Bridging the Gap. Available online at http://www.uwe.ac.uk/widen/docs/workhigher.doc (accessed 14 May 2005).
Anderson, L. (1998) ‘Evaluation as a Strategy of Modernisation’, New Directions for Evaluation 77 (Spring): 39–53.
Apple, M. (2001) Educating the Right Way, Markets, Standards, God and Inequality, New York and London: Routledge/Falmer Press.
Apple, M. (2003) Official Knowledge, New York and London: Routledge/Falmer Press.
Aronson, E., Wilson, T.D. and Arkert, R.M. (1994) Social Psychology, New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
Ball, S. (2004) The RoutledgeFalmer Reader in Sociology of Education. London and New York: Routledge.
Barlas, Y. and Yasarcan, H. (2006) ‘Goal Setting, Evaluation, Learning and Revision: A Dynamic Modelling Approach’, Evaluation and Program Planning (29): 79–87.
Barlow, A. (2005) ‘Evaluation: What is it for Really. A Framework for Examining Issues of Evaluation Purpose and Use’, Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 5 (1): 11–17.
Barnett, R. (1997) Higher Education: A Critical Business, Milton Keynes: The Society for Research into Higher Education, Open University.
Barnett, R. (1999) Realising the University in an Age of Supercomplexity, Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Barnett, R. (ed.) (2005) Reshaping the University: New Relationships Between Research, Scholarship and Teaching, Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill/Open University Press.
Beck, J. (1999) ‘Makeover or Takeover? The Strange Death of Educational Autonomy in Neo-Liberal England’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 20 (2): 223–238.
Becker, G. (1993) Human Capital, A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education, 3rd edn, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bernstein, B. (2000) Pedagogy, Symbolic Control and Identity, Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield.
Bickman, L. (1997) ‘Evaluating Evaluation: Where do we go from here?’ Evaluation Practice, 18 (1): 1–16.
Bills, D. (2004) The Sociology of Education and Work, Boston: Blackwell Publishing.
Blaikie, N. (1993) Approaches to Social Enquiry, London: Polity Press.
Bonal, X. (2003) ‘The Neoliberal Educational Agenda and the Legitimation Crisis: Old and New State Strategies’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24 (3): 5159–5175.
Bourdieu, P. (1984) Homo Academicus, London: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1998) The State Nobility, London: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. and Passeron, J. (2000) Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture, 2nd edn, London: Sage.
Braverman, H. (1998) Labor and Monopoly Capital, The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century, 25th anniversary edn, New York: Monthly Review Press.
Brehony, K. and Deem, R. (2005) ‘Challenging the Post-Fordist/Flexible Organisation Thesis: The Case of Reformed Educational Organisations’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 26 (3) (July): 395–414.
Brenda, L. and Enhancing Student Employability Co-ordination Team (ESECT) (2006) Employability and Work-based Learning, York: The Higher Education Academy.
Brennan, J., Kogan, M. and Teichler, U. (1996) ‘Higher Education and Work’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 11 (1): 65–85.
Brown, P. (1990) ‘The “Third Wave”: Education and the Ideology of Parentocracy’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 11 (1): 65–85.
Brown, P., Hesketh, A. and Williams, S. (2003) ‘Employability in a Knowledge-driven Economy 1’, Journal of Education and Work, 16 (2).
Burke, V., Jones, I. and Doherty, M. (2005) ‘Analysing Student Perceptions of Transferable Skills Via Undergraduate Degree Programmes’, Active Learning in Higher Education, 6 (2): 132–144.
Carr, W. (2005a) Philosophy of Education. The Routledge Reader, London and New York: Routledge.
Carr, W. (2005b) The RoutledgeFalmer Reader in Philosophy of Education, London: Routledge.
Carr, W. and Kemmis, S. (2000) Becoming Critical. Education, Knowledge and Action Research, London: Falmer Press.
CEDEFOP (1994) The Present Situation and the Future Prospects of Apprenticeship Training in the European Union: Contribution for the FORCE Seminar on 30.4.94 with Participants from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, Berlin: CEDEFOP.
CEDEFOP (1999) Ireland. Review of Labour Market Entry Programmes. Berlin: CEDEFOP.
CEDEFOP (2002) Ireland: Educational Progression for Craftspersons, Berlin: CEDEFOP. Also available online at http://www2.trainingvillage.gr (accessed 3 December 2006).
Childs, M. (ed.) (1997) A Slight Breathing Space. A Guide to Working with Micro and Small to Medium Business Enterprises for Adult Educators and the VET Sector, Penrith South DC: University of Western Sydney Nepean.
Clancy, P. and Wall, J. (2000) Social Background of Higher Education Entrants, Dublin: Higher Education Authority.
Clancy P. et al. (1997) Irish Society: A Sociological Perspective, Dublin: The Institute of Public Administration.
Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K. (2004) Research Methods in Education, 5th edn, London: Routledge/Falmer/Taylor Francis Group.
Commission of the European Communities (2005) Communication from the Commission, Modernising Education and Training: Vital Contribution to Prosperity and Social Cohesion in Europe, Brussels, 30/11/2005, com(2005)549 final/2.
Coolahan, J. (2004) Higher Education in Ireland, Country Background Report, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Creswell, J. (1994) Research Design, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, London: Sage.
Creswell, J.W. (1998) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, Choosing Among Five Traditions, int. edn, London: Sage.
Creswell, J.W. (2005) Educational Research, Planning, Conducting, Evaluating, Quantitative and Qualitative Research, 2nd edn, int. edn, Upper Sadle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill/Prentice Hall.
Crossley, N. (2005) Key Concepts in Critical Social Theory, London: Sage.
Crotty, M. (1998) The Foundations of Social Research, Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process, London: Sage.
Darder, A., Baltodano, M. and Torres, R. (2003) The Critical Pedagogy Reader, New York and London: Routledge/Falmer Press.
Dearing Report (1997) Higher Education in the Learning Society, London: HMSO.
Denzin, N. and Lincoln, Y. (2000) Handbook of Qualitative Research, 2nd edn, London: Sage.
Department of Education and Science (1995) Charting our Education Future: White Paper on Education, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Department of Education and Science (1999) The Qualifications. (Education and Training) Act, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Department of Education and Science (2005a) Scientific and Technological Education (Investment) Fund: Annual Report. Available online at http://www.education.ie/servlet/blobservlet/ste_fund_ar2005.pdf (accessed 5 October 2007).
Department of Education and Science (2005b) Irish Progress Report ‘Modernisation of Education and Training 2010’, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Dewey, J. (1997) Experience and Education, New York: Touchstone.
DIT (2001) Strategic Plan: Mission Statement, 2001–2015, Dublin: DIT, p. 7.
DIT (2004) Academic Quality Assurance Committees Sub-Group Report into Access, Transfer and Progression, Dublin: DIT.
EGFSN (2003) Benchmarking Education and Training for Economic Development in Ireland, Dublin: Forfás.
EGFSN (2004) OECD Review of Higher Education in Ireland. Higher Education System and Responding to Ireland’s Skill Needs, Dublin: Forfás.
EGFSN (2005) Skills Needs of the Irish Economy, the Role of Migration, Dublin: Forfás.
EKOS Consulting (2004) Progression Routes into Higher Education on Greater Merseyside, Final Report for Aimhigher Greater Merseyside, Liverpool.
Enterprise Strategy Group Report (2004) Ahead of the Curve, Ireland’s Place in the Global Economy, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
ESECT/LTSN Generic Centre ‘Learning and Employability’ Series, York: The Higher Education Academy.
Etzkowitz, H. and Leydesdroff, L. (2001) Universities and the Global Knowledge Economy: A Triple Helix Of University–Industry–Government Relations, New York and London: Continuum.
EU Commission (2006) Lifelong Learning: A New Education and Training Programme to Build the Knowledge Society, Brussels, 25 Ocotber 2006
EUA (2004) Quality Review Guidelines, and Review Visits. Available online at www.eua.com (accessed 10 November 2004).
Evans, L. (2002) Reflective Practice in Education Research, New York and London: Continuum.
FAS (1998a) Apprenticeship Activity 1996–1997, Dublin: FAS.
FAS (1998b) Annual Report to 31 December 1997, Dublin: FAS.
FAS (2002a) Standards Based System – December 2001, Dublin: FAS.
FAS (2002b) Irish Labour Market Review, Dublin: FAS.
Fetterman, D.M. (2001) Foundations of Empowerment Evaluation, Thousand Oaks, CA and London: Sage.
Field, J. and O’Dubhchair, M. (2001) ‘Recreating Apprenticeship: Lessons from the Irish Standards Based Model’, Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 53: 247–261.
Fisher, S. (2006)‘Dissertation Literature Reviews and Doctoral Students – Evoking Creativity or Compliant banality’,unpublished paper. Available online at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Forfás (2003) The Demand and Supply of Engineers and Engineering Technicians, A Study for the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs by McIver Consulting, Dublin: Forfás. Also available online at http://www.forfas.ie/futureskills/reports/futureskills3/12_info_tech.htm (accessed 10 January 2006).
Forrier, A. and Sels, L. (2003) ‘Temporary Employment and Employability: Training Opportunities and Efforts of Temporary and Permanent Employees in Belgium’, Work, Employment and Society, 17 (4): 641–666.
Freire, P. (1996) Pedagogy of the Oppressed, new int. edn, London: Penguin.
Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. and Ashforth, B. (2004) ‘Employability: A Psycho-social Construct, Its Dimensions, and Applications’, Journal of Vocational Behaviour 65: 14–38.
Fulop, L. and Linstead, S. (1999) Management, A Critical Text, London: Macmillan Press.
Gadotti, M. (1996) Pedagogy of Praxis: A Dialectical Philosophy of Education, New York: State University of New York Press.
Garavan, T. et al. (2002) ‘Human Resource Development and Workplace Learning: Emerging Theoretical Perspectives and Organisational Practices’, Journal of European Industrial Training, 26 (2–4): 60–71.
Gardner, D. (1977) ‘Five Evaluation Frameworks: Implications for Decision Making in Higher Education’, Journal of Higher Education, 48 (5): 571–593.
Gibbons, M. et al. (2005) The New Production of Knowledge. The Dynamics of Science and Research in Comtemporary Societies, London: Sage.
Giddens, A. (1992) Capitalism and Modern Social Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Giddens, A. (1995) Human Societies, A Reader, London: Polity Press.
Giddens, A. (2004a) Sociology, 4th edn, London: Polity Press.
Giddens, A. (2004b) The Constitution of Society, London: Polity Press.
Goleman, D. (1999) Working with Emotional Intelligence, London: Bloomsbury.
Gray, D. (2001) A Briefing on Work-based Learning, York: LTSN Generic Centre.
Grint, K. (2005) The Sociology of Work, 3rd edn, London: Polity Press.
Guba, E. and Lincoln, Y. (1989) Fourth Generation Evaluation: Claims Relate to Positive Aspects, Concerns Relate to Negative Aspects and Issues to Mid ground Aspects, London: Sage.
Guba, E. and Lincoln, Y. (2001) Guidelines and Checklist for Constructivist. (AKA Fourth Generation), evaluation paper available, Kalamazoo, MI: Evaluation Centre. Available online at http://www.wmich.edu/evalctr/checklists/constructivisteval.htm (accessed 30 May 2005).
Guile, D. and Young, M. (2001) Knowledge Power and Learning. Apprenticeship as a Conceptual Basis for a Social Theory of Learning, London: Paul Chapman.
Gunnigle, P., McMahon, G. and Fitzgerald, G. (1999) Industrial Relations in Ireland, Theory and Practice, 2nd edn, Dublin: Gill and MacMillan.
Halsay, A. et al. (2002) Education: Culture, Economy and Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Halstead, J. (1996) ‘Liberal Values and Liberal Education’, in Halstead, J. and Taylor, M. (eds), Values in Education and Education in Values, London: Falmer.
Handy, C. (1993) Understanding Organisations, London: Penguin.
Hardy, M. and Bryman, A. (2004) Handbook of Data Analysis, London: Sage.
Hart, C. (2005) Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination, London: Sage.
Harvey, L. (2000) ‘New Realities: The Relationship Between Higher Education and Employment’, Education and Management, 6: 3–17.
Harvey, L. (2001) ‘Defining and Measuring Employability’, Quality in Higher Education, 7 (2).
Hermann, C.(2005) Neoliberalism in the European Union. Thematic paper: Project: Dynamics of National Employment Models (DYNAMO) Work Package 1: Development of a Theoretical Framework for Comparative and Dynamic Analysis of National Models. Thematic Area: Impact of Political/Governance Change on National Models, Vienna: Working Life Research Centre
Higher Education Authority (1999) Recommendation of the Higher Education Authority to Government in accordance with the terms of Section 9 of the Universities Act, 1997 concerning the Application by DIT for establishment as a University, Dublin, Higher Education Authority.
Hillage, J. and Pollard, E. (1998) Employability: Developing a Framework for Policy Analysis, DfEE Research Briefing No. 85. London: DfEE.
Hirst, P. and White, P. (1998) Philosophy of Education: Major Themes in the Analytic Tradition; Volume III Society and Education, London and New York: Routledge.
House, E. R. (2006) ‘Democracy and Evaluation’, Evaluation, 12 (1): 119–127.
Hughes, J. and Sharrock, W. (1997) The Philosophy of Social Research, 3rd edn, London and New York: Longmans.
Illich, I. (2002) Deschooling Society, London and New York: Marion Boyars Publishers.
Jarvis, P.S. (2006) ‘Career Information: Essential Yet Insufficient’, available online at http://www.igc.ie/download/1/Phil%20Jarvis%20Galway%20Paper.doc (accessed 5 October 2007).
Johnson, D. (2000) ‘The Use of Learning Theories in the Design of a Work-Based Learning Course at Masters Level’, Innovations in Education and Training International, 37 (2): 129–133.
Kivinen, O. and Ahola, S. (1999) ‘Higher Education as Human Risk Capital: Reflections on Changing Labour Markets’, Higher Education, 38 (2).
Knight, P. (2001) ‘Editorial: Employability and Quality’, Quality in Higher Education, 7 (2).
Lauder, H. et al. (2006) Education, Globalization and Social Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Law, B. (1999) New DOTS: Career Learning for the Contemporary World, NICEC briefing, Cambridge: CRAC. Available online at http://www.hihohiho.com/memory/cafnewdots.pdf (accessed 5 October 2007).
Law, B.A. and Watts, A.G. (1977) Schools, Careers and Community, London: Church Information Office.
Lawson, T., Harrison, J. and Cavendish, S. (2004) Individual Action Planning: A Case of Self Surveillance, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 25 (1): 81–94.
Lynch, K. (1994) An Analysis of the Differences Between Education Policies based on Principals of Equity, Equality of Opportunity and Egalitarianism. Equality of Opportunity in Third Level Education in Ireland, Dublin: National Unit for Equal Opportunities at Third Level.
Lynch, K. (2005) ‘Achieving Equity of Access to Higher Education: Setting An Agenda For Action in Ireland’, Proceedings of the HEA Conference (6–7 December 2004 Kilkenny), Dublin: HEA.
Lynch R. (2006a) ‘Employability and the “Responsibilized Self”’, paper presented at the Society for Research into Higher Education (SRHE) conference, Brighton, UK.
Lynch, K. (2006b) ‘Neo-Liberalism and Marketisation: The Implication for Higher Education’, European Education Research Journal, 5 (1).
Mag Cuill, D. (2003) ‘Mature Students: An Examination of DIT’s Policy and Practice’, Level 1. Full text available online at http://level3.dit.ie/pdf/issue1_magcuill.pdf (accessed 5 October 2007).
Makarenko, A. (1951) The Road to Life. An Epic of Education, Moscow: Progress Publishers.
McMillan, N. (2000) Prometheus’s Fire: A History of Scientific and Technological Education in Ireland, 1st edn, Kilkenny: Tyndall Publications.
Morley, L. (2001) ‘Producing New Workers: Quality, Equality and Employability in Higher Education’, Quality in Higher Education, 7 (2).
Naidoo, R. (2003) ‘Repositioning Higher Education as a Global Commodity: Opportunities and Challenges for the Future Sociology of Education Work’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24 (2): 249–259.
National Competitiveness Council (2000) Annual Competitiveness Report 2000, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
National Competitiveness Council (2005) Annual Report. Available online at http://www.competitiveness.ie.
National Economic and Social Forum (2003) Early School Leavers Forum Report No.24, Dublin: National Economic and Social Forum.
National University of Ireland, Galway (2000) Contemporary Issues/Society, Galway. NUIG.
NDP 2000–2006, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
NDP 2007–2013, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
NQAI (2003) Framework of Qualifications, Dublin: NQAI.
NQAI (2004) National Framework of Qualifications-An Overview, Dublin: NQAI.
O’Connor and Harvey, N. (2001) ‘Apprenticeship Training in Ireland: From Time-served to Standards-based: Potential and Limitations for the Construction Industry, Journal of European Industrial Training, 25: 332–342.
Oakley A. (2004) The Researchers Agenda for Evidence, Evaluation Research in Education, 18 (1 & 2): 12–27.
OECD (1994) Apprenticeship: Which Way Forward, Paris: OECD.
OECD (1998a) Education at a Glance, Paris: OECD Indicators.
OECD (1998b) Opening Pathways from Education to Work, Paris: OECD Observer No.214, Paris. Available online at http://www1.oecd.org/publications/observer/214/article1_eng.htm (accessed 11 May 2005).
OECD (1999) Human Capital Investment, International Comparison, Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004a) Review of Higher Education in Ireland, Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004b) Review of National Polices for Education: Review of Higher Education in Ireland Examiners’ Report, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
OECD (2005a) Modernising Government, The Way Forward, Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005b) Moving Mountains, How Can Qualifications Systems Promote Lifelong Learning? preliminary edn, Paris: OECD.
OECD (2006) Market Failures and the Under Provision of Training, for Details Relating to Under Provision and Funding and Human Capital Obsolesces, Paris: OECD
Oliver S. et al. (2005) ‘An Emerging Framework for Including Different Types of Evidence in Systematic Reviews for Public Policy’, Evaluation, 11 (4): 428–446.
Patton, M.Q. (1997) Utilisation Evaluation, The New Century Text, 3rd edn, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Pawson, R. and Tilley, N. (2001) Realistic Evaluation, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Pring, R. (1996) ‘Values and Education Policy’, in Halstead, J. and Taylor, M. (eds), Values in Education and Education in Values, London: Falmer Press.
Qualifications (Education and Training) Act, 1999, available from Stationery Office, Government Publications, Molesworth St., Dublin 2, Ireland.
Reeve, F. and Gallacher, J. (2000) Implementing Work-based Learning in Higher Education: Exploring Control and Negotiation in the Curriculum, UTS Research Centre Vocational Educational and Training Working Knowledge: Productive Learning at Work. Conference Proceedings 10–13 December 2000, University of Technology Sydney New South Wales, Australia.
Ritzer, G. (1996) Sociological Theory, 4th edn, int. edn, New York and London: McGraw-Hill.
Ritzer, G. (2006) McDonaldisation, The Reader, 2nd edn, Thousand Oaks, CA and London: Pine Forge Press.
Robson, C. (2002) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers, Oxford: Blackwell.
Robson, M. (1994) Facilitating, Aldershot: Gower.
Rohmann, C. (2000) The Dictionary of Important Ideas and Thinkers, London: Arrow.
Rossi, P.H., Freeman, H.E. and Lipsey, M.W. (1999) Evaluation, A Systematic Approach, 6th edn, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Rowland, S. (2006) ‘Interdisciplinary Collaboration: A Site for Contestation’, Paper presented at the Society for Research into Higher Education. (SRHE) conference, Brighton, UK.
Sabel, C. (1982) Work and Politics: The Division of Labour in Industry, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sanders, J. and de Grip, A. (2003) Training, Task Flexibility and Low-Skilled Workers’ Employability, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Maastricht University.
Sarantakos, S. (1998) Social Research, 2nd edn, London: Macmillan.
Sawchuk, P. (2003) ‘The Unionization Effect among Adult Computer Learners’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24 (5): 637–648.
School of Manufacturing Engineering (2001) Strategic Plan, Dublin: DIT.
Sennett, R. (2006) The Culture of the New Capitalism, London and New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Seufert, S. (2000) ‘Work-Based Learning and Knowledge Management: An Integrated Concept of Organizational Learning’, Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Information Systems, Trends in Information and Communication Systems for the 21st Century, ECIS 2000, Vienna, Austria, 3–5 July. Available online at BibTeX http://www.scil.ch/seufert/publications-en.html (accessed 1 October 2005; quote viewed 30 January 2007).
Shah, A., Pell, K. and Brooke, P. (2004) ‘Beyond First Destinations Graduate Employability Survey’, Active Learning in Higher Education’, 5 (1): 9–26.
Sheldon, P. and Thornthwaite, L. (2005) ‘Employability Skills and Vocational Education and Training Policy in Australia: An Analysis of Employer Association Agendas’, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 43 (3).
Singh, P. (2002) ‘Pedagogising Knowledge: Bernstein’s Theory of Pedagogic Device’, Journal of Sociology of Education, 23 (4): 571–582.
Skilbeck, M. (2001) The University Challenged, A Review of International Trends and Issues with Particular Reference to Ireland, Higher Education Authority, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Skilbeck, M. (2003) Towards an Integrated System of Tertiary Education: A Discussion Paper, Dublin: DIT.
Skilbeck, M. and Connell, H. (2000) Access and Equity in Higher Education. An International Perspective on Issues and Strategies, Higher Education Authority, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Sklair, L. (2001) The Transnational Capitalist Class, London: Blackwell.
Stufflebeam, D.L., Madaus, G.F. and Kellaghan, T. (2000) Evaluation Models, Viewpoints on Educational and Human Services, 2nd edn, Boston and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Stake, R. (1995) The Art of Case Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Stame, N. (2003) ‘Evaluation and Policy Context: The European Experience’, Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 3 (2): 36–43.
Stame, N. (2006) ‘Governance, Democracy and Evaluation’, Evaluation, 12 (1): 7–16.
Strategy for Science Technology and Innovation 2006–2013, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Sustaining Progress (2003) Social Partnership Agreement 2003–2005, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Sustaining Progress (2004) Progress Report on Special Initiatives, Department of the Taoiseach, Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
Task Force on the Physical Sciences (2003) Report and Recommendations. Available online at http://www.sciencetaskforce.ie/report (accessed 5 May 2005).
Taylor, J. (2006) ‘Managing the Unmanageable: The Management of Research in Research-intensive Universities’, Higher Education Management Policy, 18 (2): 1–24.
Tiernan, S., Morley, M. and Foley, E. (2001) Modern Management, Theory and Practice for Irish Students, 2nd edn, Dublin: Gill and McMillan.
Towards 2016 Ten-year Framework Social Partnership Agreement 2006–2015, available from Stationery Office, Government Publications, Molesworth St., Dublin 2, Ireland.
UK Department of Education and Skills (2005) Key Skills Policy and Practice, Your Questions Answered, London: UK Department of Education and Skills.
Universities Act (1997) Government Publications, Molesworth St, Dublin 2: Stationery Office.
UNESCO–UNEVOC (2006) ‘Orienting Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development’, Discussion Paper Series 1, Bonn: UNESCO–UNEVOC.
Wagner, R. and Childs, M. (2001) ‘Workbased Learning as Critical Social Pedagogy’, Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 41 (3): 314–334.
Watts, A.G. (2006) Career Development Learning and Employability, Learning and Employability Series 2 (5), York: The Higher Education Academy.
Watts, A.G. et al. (2002) Rethinking Careers Education and Guidance, New York: Routledge.
Weiss C. (1998) Evaluation, 2nd edn, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Winterton, J., Delamare Le Deist, F., Stringfellow, E. (2006) Typology of Knowledge, Skills and Competences: Clarification of the Concept Prototype, Report for Centre of European Research on Employment and Human Resources, Toulouse. Available online at http://www.cpi.si/files/userfiles/Datoteke/Novice/EKO/Prototype_typology_CEDEFOP_26_January_2005%201%20.pdf (accessed 5 October 2007).
Yin, R. (1994) Case Study Research, Design and Methods, 2nd edn, int. edn, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Yorke, M. (2006) Employability in Higher Education: What It Is – What It Is Not, Enhancing Student Employability Co-ordination Team. (ESECT), York: The Higher Education Academy.
Yorke, M. and Knight, P.T. (2006) Embedding Employability into the Curriculum, Enhancing Student Employability Co-ordination Team. (ESECT), York: The Higher Education Academy.
Young, M. (2005) InFocus Programme on Skills, Knowledge and Employability, Skills Working Paper No. 22 , International Labour Organisation.
Zgaga, P. (2003) ‘Reforming the Universities of South East Europe in View of the Bologna Process’, Higher Education in Europe, XXVIII (3): 251–258.
Zuber-Skerritt, O. and Perry, C. (2002) ‘Action Research within Organisations and University Thesis Writing’, Journal of the Learning Organisation, 9 (4): 171–179.