Describes different assumptions regarding the nature of knowledge and alternative perspectives of how knowledge is understood.
Origin of learning goals
Refers to the identification of the locus for learning to be achieved by the student and is closely linked to motivation and stimulus. A learning goal is the type of learning one hopes to achieve consistent with the nature of discipline being taught.
The influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of learning. This may be intrinsic or extrinsically driven.
Each model stems from one or more theories of learning. A learning theory is a set of principles that explains and relates certain learning phenomena.
Individuals strongly associated with each model or whose theory of learning can be situated within a given model.
Learning and teaching approach
Describes the learning tendency likely to be adopted by the student within a particular learning model that emanates from the teaching approach promoted by the lecturer.
Importance of environment
The domain where learning occurs – in some cases the environment may be considered critical to student learning. In contrast, some models place less emphasis on the environment and more on inherited traits and experience.
Importance of external stimulus
Determines whether an external driver is necessary within the environment for learning to take place.
Methods of learning
Describes how learning is manifested within a particular environment and identifies the source of the impetus for the learner.
Identifies the dependencies that may exist for the learner within particular learning models.
The teaching approach applied to a specific learning environment and the nature of learning that exists within that particular environment
Refers to the scope of learning provided to the learner within a particular learning environment.
Highlights thought processes likely to be adopted as learning occurs. They may be specific or a fusion of different processes.
Type of learning
Identifies the extent of group, team or peer learning within a particular model.
Type of model
Identifies whether the learning theory adopts an objective, process or capability model.
Metaphor/s of learning
Describes the different perspectives on how learning occurs within a particular model.
Implications for Higher Education
Efficacy and relevance of pedagogical approaches derived from learning models and their value when considered in the context of higher education.