Factors influencing the attractiveness of a Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institution
A case study of a Technical Institute in Kenya
The study examines ways in which one TVET institution in Kenya, Kaiboi Technical Training Institute, has earned its increased innovativeness as well as attracting its clients in its provision of practical skills and attitudes. The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors influencing the attractiveness of a TVET institution. Kenya is among the countries that are geared towards Education for All (EFA), a process which has resulted in vastly increased members of young people who will be completing primary and secondary education in the forthcoming years. Technical institutions ought to determine ways of increasing the enrolments in their programmes. Exploring alternative methods to make TVET programmes attractive will make TVET reach out to many youth and adults by preparing them for the real possibilities of frequent career change including periods of employment and unemployment. The study should yield findings that can be used as good practices for improving attractiveness in TVET institutions. Thus, examining how an exemplary TVET institution is run may provide further insights into effective running of the institutions. Recommendations of the study are expected to contribute to the existing knowledge about exemplary TVET institutions and also to prepare the ground for further investigations into reasons for low or high enrolments in TVET institutions. Figure 1 denotes career paths for TVET graduates.
The objectives of the study were to determine
- the type and variety of courses offered by the institution
- the extent to which the institution has made the courses attractive to its clientele
- the support services provided to the trainees and faculty in improving the attractiveness
- the management skills exhibited by the principal in making the institution attractive.
The following research questions guided the study.
Research design and methodology
- Is there any relationship between the type or variety of courses and the
attractiveness of a TVET institution to its clientele?
- What mechanisms does a TVET institution use to make courses attractive to its clientele?
- Do support services add any value to making a TVET institution attractive to its clientele?
- Do the principalís management skills contribute to the attractiveness of a TVET institution?
The study adopted a survey research. Yin (1984) argues for the use of surveys in educational fact-finding because they provide a great deal of information which is accurate. The intention of a survey research is to gather data at a particular point in time and use it to describe the nature of existing conditions. The descriptive nature of research was used in order to garner information as to how the institution has become attractive.
The study was carried out in Uasin Gishu district of the Rift Valley province in Kenya. The institution targeted for the study, Kaiboi Technical Training Institute, falls in this area. The institution reports directly to the Ministry of technical training. It offers its training by following the statutory obligations in training. The researcher sought permission from relevant authorities to carry out the study in the institution. The researcher made a reconnaissance trip to the institution to familiarize himself with what goes on in the institution.
The target population of the study was the principal, the deputy principal, the registrar, heads of departments, heads of sections, dean of students and studentsí council of the TVET institution.