Modelling dual-carriageway traffic behaviour as a complex system: A proposal for discussion.
This paper outlines the initial developmental stage of a microscopic traffic system model incorporating driver behaviour. The model uses exponential and Gaussian distributions to assign each car its starting time headway and velocity characteristics respectively as expected in real-world traffic [see 1,2]. Each car may be in one of three distinct regimes (time headway windows), depending upon how close in time the car is to the car in front of it. These time headway windows are developed from previous work carried out by the Centre for Traffic Simulation at the Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, and correlate with an actual traffic study [see 3]. The development for assigning time headways and velocities is complete and velocity and position data sets relative to time for both the single lane and multiple lanes for small numbers of cars have also been achieved.
Keywords: traffic system model, NP-hard problem, complex system, modelling